Unless otherwise noted, the listed publications are available at no cost from NCADI at 1-800-729-6686.

Coalition Building/Community Involvement

The following resource publications are especially helpful for parents/caregivers and parent groups which want to mobilize for change in their communities.
PREVENTIONAlert Supported by CSAP, this is an ongoing series of publications which offer research-based information regarding substance abuse programming and resources to program planners. Also downloadable from

"Parent Training Is Prevention: Preventing Alcohol And Other Drug Problems Among Youth In The Family" A 184-page booklet, this publication was produced by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Its purpose is to help communities identify and implement programs designed specifically for parents. The guide begins with basic information on prevention, addresses the importance of parenting in family development, provides detailed descriptions of specific roles parents play in raising alcohol and other drug free children, highlights ethnic and cultural considerations and concludes with guidelines for program implementation. DHHS Publication No. (ADM)91-1715

"Prevention Plus II. Tools for Creating and Sustaining Drug-Free Communities" This 541-page resource publication provides a framework for organizing or expanding community alcohol and other drug prevention activities for youth into a coordinated, complementary system. It is written for persons from the community who are serious about prevention and in a position to assist in organizing a community effort. It explains how individual, interpersonal and environmental factors all contribute to substance abuse and provides strategies for combating each factor. Worksheets, charts and other aids are included. 1989. Publication No. ADM #89-1649.

"Turning Awareness Into Action: What Your Community Can Do About Drug Use in America" This bilingual (English and Spanish) booklet is for anyone concerned about preventing substance abuse problems at the community level. It gives examples of successful community prevention programs, as well as guidelines for finding out more about community prevention needs and taking action. It also includes lists of governmental and non-governmental prevention resources and gives background information on the problems caused by substance abuse among young people. Publication order no. PHD519.

"The Future by Design. A Community Framework for Preventing Alcohol and Other Drug Problems Through a Systems Approach." This book provides extensive information on how to build substance abuse prevention community partnerships. It includes how to initiate a community-wide prevention effort, gain leadership, maintain the momentum, plan activities and build resources, as well as putting together a newsletter, arranging a conference and broadcasting a weekly community radio show. 1991.

"Making Prevention Work" is a unique collection of documents designed so anyone needing to gather solid and reliable prevention information easily and quickly may do so. It contains background information about what works in prevention, risks and protective factors, data, camera-ready facts, figures and charts, talking points and print ads for use with the media and action steps for substance abuse prevention.1995, DHHS publication no. (SMA)95-120.

"Making Prevention Work: Actions for Media" is a one-page tip sheet to help get more media coverage. A helpful addition to other media materials. NCADI Order #MPW005

"You Can Increase Your Media Coverage. CSAP Communications Technical Assistance Bulletin" is one of a series of bulletins which were developed to assist programs that are working to prevent alcohol, tobacco and other drug problems. This eight-page booklet offers a broad range of information including: Using local, State and national "hooks" as a catalyst for extra coverage; Identifying media spokespersons for the organization; Developing and maintaining media lists; Using news releases effectively, and more. NCADI Order # MS491

"Citizen's Action Handbook on Alcohol and Tobacco Billboard Advertising" This 40 page handbook documents the problem of outdoor tobacco and alcohol advertising targeted at inner-city residents and gives an action plan for mobilizing concerned citizens to do something about the problem. Billboard control is described: what can be done, banning new billboards, allowing exchanges, re-writing zoning regulations and restricting the messages of billboard ads. Written by McMahon, E.T., and Taylor, P.A. in 1990, this publication is available from the Center for Science in the Public Interest. Phone: (800) 237-4874, Fax: (202) 332-9110.

"Prevention Pipeline" is a re-producible bimonthly magazine developed by CSAP for the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), Public Health Service and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It contains prevention news and research findings and identifies resources for planning, implementing and evaluating prevention programs and seeks to stimulate an exchange of information among national, state and local specialists working to prevent substance abuse problems. For subscription mail check or money order in the amount of $28 (for a one-year subscription), payable to the National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information, Department PP, P.O. Box 2345, Rockville, MD 20847-2345. Or call NCADI at 1-800-729-6686 for more information.

"Prevention Primer" is a reference tool for prevention practitioners. It incorporates the principles of a public health approach to preventing alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug problems in its summaries of issues and strategies. It also provides a brief history of prevention efforts and an overview of key topics, issues, principles and approaches that have proven successful. The topics are indexed in alphabetical order, including a partial list of referenced publications available through NCADI. Publication no. PHD627. The Prevention Primer may be downloaded from the internet at:

"A Review of Alternative Activities and Alternatives Programs in Youth-Oriented Prevention: CSAP Technical Report 13" is a document produced by SAMHSA/CSAP to help those in prevention better understand alternatives prevention strategies - what works well and why. At 44 pages in length, it offers research and background on the alternative activities approach, conclusions and recommendations, a Bibliography and lists some sample alternative activity programs for young people. A helpful resource to any parent group desiring to offer alternative activities as a strategy to help young people stay drug free. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 96-3117.

The Drug Abuse Prevention Dissemination and Applications (RDA) Materials are designed to help practitioners plan and implement more effective prevention programs based on evidence from research about what works. These materials provide practitioners with the information they need to prepare their communities for prevention programming and to select and implement substance abuse prevention strategies that effectively address the needs of their local communities. Included in this set of materials are:
"Drug Abuse Prevention: What Works," a 91 page document produced by the National Institute on Drug Abuse as part of The Drug Abuse Prevention Research Dissemination and Applications (RDA) materials, provides an overview of the theory and research on which these materials are based. It includes a definition of prevention, descriptions of substance abuse risk and protective factors and a discussion of the key features of three prevention strategies that have proven effective. It also explains how prevention efforts can be strengthened by using knowledge gained through research. NIH Publication No. 97-4110.

"Community Readiness for Drug Abuse Prevention: Issues, Tips and Tools," a 172 page document produced by the National Institute on Drug Abuse as part of The Drug Abuse Prevention Research Dissemination and Applications (RDA) materials, introduces the concept of community readiness for substance abuse prevention programming. The manual defines community readiness and provides a rationale for assessing a community's readiness prior to the planning or implementation of substance abuse prevention activities. NIH Publication No. 97-4111

"Drug Abuse Prevention and Community Readiness: Training Facilitator's Manual" is a 9-hour, modular training curriculum, designed for use by training facilitators in introducing prevention practitioners and community members to the basic theory of substance abuse prevention and the three prevention strategies. The facilitator's manual also provides them with the skills to assess and increase the readiness of a community to launch a prevention effort. The curriculum includes talking points for lectures, instructions for conducting discussions and exercises, overheads and handouts. NIH Publication No. 97-4112
To receive above three publications as a package, order No. PREVPAK.

Self-Evaluation/Data Collection

The following publications are especially good resources for parent action groups needing to evaluate their programs. Available from NCADI at 1-800-729-6686.
"Prevention Plus III. Assessing Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention Programs at the School and Community Levels. A Four-Step Guide to Useful Program Assessment." This 461-page workbook was created for use in program evaluation. It can be useful to community partnership programs and coalitions that want to assess and document their individual activities. It has boiled program assessment down to a four-step model and comes complete with worksheets and easy-to-follow guidelines. This comprehensive manual is divided into four steps and includes information on identifying goals and desired outcomes, process assessment, outcome assessment and impact assessment. The book includes worksheets and other useful tools designed to help in the overall evaluation and planning of prevention programs. 1991. Publication No. ADM #91-1817. Cost is $25

"Handbook for Evaluating Drug and Alcohol Prevention Programs: Staff/Team Evaluation of Prevention Programs (STEPP)" Although printed in 1987, written by Dr. David Hawkins and Dr. Britt Nederhood, this publication is still a powerful resource for parent groups needing to evaluate their programs. This 113-page handbook begins by answering questions such as:
  • Why bother evaluating?
  • Do we need experts?
  • How do we begin?
It explains the various kinds of measurements and how to make use of what is learned from the evaluation process. Included are "Think Sheets" and sample survey instruments along with an annotated Bibliography. DHHS Publication No. (ADM) 87-1512. No cost.

"Measurements in Prevention: A Manual on Selecting and Using Instruments To Evaluate Prevention Programs. CSAP Technical Assistance Report 8" Printed in 1993, this publication gives detailed, step by step information on choosing an evaluation tool, then using the information to make programmatic decisions. Publication Order No. BK213, 1993

Recommended Reading: Parents, Grandparents and Other Caregivers

The following research-based publications contain information specifically for parents and other care givers. Each is a good resource to those who want to help children choose healthy life styles. The following available at no cost from NCADI at 1-800-729-6686.
"Growing Up Drug-Free: A Parent's Guide to Prevention," a publication of the Department of Education, has been updated and is now available. This guide addresses many topics including: why a child decides to use drugs; how to address a parent's past drug use and includes pictures; slang terms and side effects of a wide variety of drugs. Available by calling 1-877-433-7827, or from NCADI. NCADI Publication No. PHD 533.

"Keeping Youth Drug-Free: A Guide for Parents, Grandparents, Elders, Mentors and Other Caregivers," is a booklet that gives guidelines to caregivers in communicating with youth. It is geared to the parents or guardians of 9-to-13 year olds, but the material and exercises can also work for other age groups. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 97-3194.

"Young Teens: Who They Are And How To Communicate With Them About Alcohol & Other Drugs" is a booklet that focuses on parents and caregivers of young people between 10 to 14 years of age. It looks at some of the most common developmental characteristics of this age group and reviews the growing literature on how best to approach them with prevention messages. This booklet does not go into detail about the dangers of tobacco, alcohol and illicit drug use by young people, nor does it list statistics, but focuses on marketing concepts that will reach young people with the information and skills they need to make wise decisions. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 93-2033.

"Media Sharp" is a multimedia program (includes a video), for parent groups, educators and youth civic leaders that teaches the fundamentals of analyzing media messages. This guide focuses on the lifestyle and behavioral choices portrayed and promoted in the media, with special emphasis on alcohol and tobacco use. It is co-sponsored by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the National Education Association. Available at no cost from Centers for Disease Control Publication Department at (770) 488-5122, ask for Publications.

"Marijuana: Facts Parents Need to Know," and "Marijuana: Facts for Teens" are two short booklets for parents and their children to review the scientific facts about marijuana. They both answer many often-asked questions about marijuana; the parent booklet offers tips for talking to young people about marijuana. Published by the National Institute on Drug Abuse in 1995. No cost. For parents: NCADI Publication No. PHD712,1995. For teens: NCADI Publication No. PHD713,1995.
The following are available for purchase:
A Guide to the Drug Legalization Movement and How You Can Stop It, Rusche, S., National Families in Action, 1997. This book gives a detailed overview of the movement in America to legalize marijuana and other dangerous drugs. Ms. Rusche offers suggestions for concerned individuals and groups regarding strategies for fighting this movement. Available from National Families in Action. Phone: (404) 248-9676. Cost is $10.

Grandparenting in a Changing World, written by LeShawn, Eda. (1997), explores grandparenting at a time when roles and challenges facing grandparents are changing. It describes grandparenting styles, the raising of children and what role grandparents have in that process, as well as provides a primer on the child development process and stages. It also includes a list of grandparenting resources. Available through Newmarket Press, 18 East 48th St., New York, NY 10017; Phone: (212) 832-3575; Fax (212) 832-3629 ($11.95, plus shipping).


"The American Prevention Movement: The Grass-Roots Effort to Prevent Drug Abuse in America," National Families in Action, 1988.

CSAP, "Practical Tips to Increase Media Coverage" Prevention Works!

Hawkins, J.D., R.F. Catalano. and J.Y. Miller. 1992. Risk and protective factors for alcohol and other problems in adolescence and early adulthood: Implications for substance abuse prevention. Psychological Bulletin, 112 (1): 64-104.

Heller, K. Limitations and barriers to citizen participation. Community Psychologist Summer, 4-5, 1990

Join Together. Community Leaders Speak Out Against Substance Abuse 1993 Report to the Nation. Boston, MA: Join Together, 1993. 32pp.

Kumpfer, K.L., (1993) Strengthening America's Families: Promising parenting Strategies for Delinquency Prevention. Office of Juvenile Delinquency Prevention.

Kumpfer, K.L., Molgaard, V., and Spoth, R. (1996). The Strengthening Families program for the prevention of delinquency and drug use. In R. de V. Peters and R.J. McMahon (eds.). Preventing childhood disorders, substance abuse, and delinquency. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA.

Moskowitz, J.M. The primary prevention of alcohol problems: A critical review of the research literature. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 50: 54-88, 1989.

Muraskin, L.D. (1993) Understanding Evaluation: The Way To Better Prevention Programs.

Carnegie Corporation, "Keeping Score," 1997

CSAP, MACRO Parenting IS Prevention Trainers Manual, 1998

CSAP, MACRO Parenting IS Prevention Resource Guide, 1998

Pentz, M.A.; Trebow, E.A.; Hansen, W.B.; MacKinnon, D.P.; Dwyer, J.H.; Johson, C.A.; Flay, B.F.; Daniels, S.; and Cormack, C.C. Effects of program implementation on adolescent drug use behavior: The Midwestern Prevention Project (MPP). Evaluation Review 14: 264-289, 1990.

Resnick. M.D., P.S. Bearman. R.W. Blum, K.E. Bauman, K.M. Harris, J. Jones, et al. 1997. Protecting adolescents from harm: Findings from the National Longitudinal Study on Adolescent Health. Journal of the American Medical Association.

"Substance Abuse Prevention in Multicultural Communities," co-published simultaneously as Drugs & Society, Volume 12, Numbers 1, 2 1998, The Haworth Press, Inc. New York, 1998.